Islamic Terminologies

"teach people on Islam as a faith, a way of life and a good conduct, raise them on that"

As a Muslim and an Islamic organization we prefer to express our feeling (i.e. happiness and sadness) using Arabic terminologies. These are used verbally or written as exemplified by our Prophet, peace be upon him, by means of his Sunnah. However, due to dialects and mother-languages, there are countless transliteration techniques. Although we acknowledge these transliterations as a blessing from Allah, it will help convey the right messages for the Logan Islamic Center (LIC) to have consistency in our publication. We have developed a transliteration table as a reference for our future publication and communication.

Process

The transliteration process is as follows:

  1. Find the Arabic word or sentence
  2. Translate the Arabic word or sentence by following the guideline recommended by Brother Mohammed Adel Hussein (former member of LIC committee, currently working as an Arabic Instructor at the University of Minnesota)
  3. Find commonly used transliteration in online dictionaries
    (i.e., the http://www.dictionary.com/ and http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).

We recommend that you use the commonly used transliteration in any written communication.

Transliteration

We group these Arabic expressions into prayer, charity, and general expressions.
All are presented in the following format:

Arabic How to Write
the Arabic word/sentence transliteration (recommendation; commonly used transliteration)
rough translationrough translation

As we previous stated, we recommend you to use the commonly used transliteration in any written communication.

General

Arabic How to Write
إسلام ‘islaam (Islam)
rough translationIslam is monotheism religion which believes in one God (Allah) and the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him (pbuh)
الله Allaah (Allah)
rough translationGod
القرآن Al-Qar'aan (Al Qur'an)
rough translationKoran; Muslim holy scripture
محمد Muhammad (Muhammad)
rough translationThe last prophet in Islam
رسول الله rasulullah (Rasulullah)
rough translationApostle of God
صحابة SaHaabah (Sahaba)
rough translationThe companions of Muhammad, peace be upon him (pbuh)
مكة Makkah (Mecca)
rough translationThe city of Mecca
رمضان Ramadhan (Ramadan)
rough translationMuslim holy month where we must fast for a month.
أمير Ameer (Amir)
rough translationThe leader of the group.
امام Imaam (Imam)
rough translationReligious leader.
علم 'ilm (Ilm)
rough translationKnowledge
بدعة Bid'ah (Bid'ah)
rough translationInnovation in religious matters; a man-made method to worship.

Prayer

Arabic How to Write
مسجد Masjid (Masjid)
rough translationMosque
صلاة Salaat (Salat)
rough translationPrayer
أذان ‘adhaan (Azan)
rough translationA call for prayer
مؤذن Mu'adhdhin (Muazzin)
rough translationThe person who makes Azan
إقامة ‘iqaamet (Iqama)
rough translationA call to start the prayer
سجود Sujood (Sujud)
rough translationProstration
ركوع Rukoo' (Ruku')
rough translationBowing down in Salat
تكبير Takbeer (Takbir)
rough translationGlorifying Allah
طهارة Tahaarah (Taharah)
rough translationThe purity of body
وضوء Al-wudhuu' (Wudu)
rough translationAblution
تيمم Tayammum (Tayammum)
rough translationAblution using sand or dust
جمعة jumu'ah (Jumu'ah)
rough translationFriday prayer
خطيب KhaTeeb (Khatib)
rough translationA person who delivers the sermon
خطبة Khutbah (Khutbah)
rough translationSermon

Charity

Arabic How to Write
صدقة Sadaqah (Sadaqah)
rough translationVoluntary charity
زكاة Zakaat (Zakat)
rough translationAnnual obligatory payment for cleansing the wealth

Expression

Arabic How to Write
عيد مبارك 'Eid Mubaarak (Eid Mubarak)
rough translationBlessed Eid (holiday)
عيد الفطر ‘Eid al-Fitr (Eid Al-Fitr)
rough translationFeast of breaking the fast after Ramadan
عيد الأضحى ‘id Al-ADHa (Eid Al-Adha)
rough translationFeast of the Sacrifice
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته ومغفرته Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (As-Salamu Alaykum)
rough translationPeace be upon you
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم bismi-llaahir raHmaani r-raHeem (Bismillah)
rough translationA basmala; in the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most merciful
الحمد لله رب العالمين Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin (Alhamdulillah)
rough translationAll praise is to Allah, the sustainer of the creation
جزاكم الله خيراً Jazaak Allaahu Khairan (JazakAllah khairan)
rough translationMay Allah rewards you with goodness
إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون Inna Lillahi wa inna ilaihi raji'oon (Inna Lillahi)
rough translationEverything belong to Allah and will return to Him

See a Mistake or Has a Suggestion?

We are open to any constructive feedback in the form of a justifiable suggestion and correction.
Please do not hesitate to contact us.

Data Sources / References
7.PRED.LIC.X.2016 - Islamic Terminologis Policy

*) The data sources/references are open for everyone upon request via email.